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Bhutan is the First Organic Country in the world. 

Pinched between India and China, two of the most polluted and populous countries in the world, Bhutan is an anomaly: Tiny (in size and population), carbon-neutral, and committed to conservation, mandating that 60 percent of its forests remain protected.

But above all, this Buddhist kingdom, which measures its development by Gross National Happiness (GNH) instead of GDP, recently gained newfound media attention for aiming to become the first organic country by 2020. With herbicides and meat farms on the rise and less than five years to go, that goal is still very much a green dream. 

The idea first appeared in the National Framework for Organic Farming in Bhutan in 2006, a document that posited that organic farming offered a sustainable model and “a symbol of a healthy living with nature and respect for all sentient beings.” The plan called for a complete overhaul of Bhutan’s agriculture system, which historically had been subsistence farming and animal husbandry until the 1960s, when pesticides were first introduced to encourage development. 

Organic Farming in Bhutan
  • The people of Bhutan know that organic farming is a way to contribute to prosperity in society, because they do not merely interpret prosperity in a financial way. Also their faith motivates them.

  • Buddhists tend to not kill animals according to their faith and are therefore opposed to the use of pesticides that kill insects. They also believe in the power of nature. When the glaciers that once covered up to ten percent of the land melt due to global warming, part of the population of Bhutan will lose their houses and fields and the youth will lose their future.

Bhutan Biotechnology Enterprise UK Co. Ltd.

is the new base from Bhutan Biotechnology Enterprise (Hong Kong) Co. Ltd, was established since 2012. 

Organic nation

  • Within five to ten years Bhutan would like to have one hundred percent of organic farming. Engelsman tells us that they are currently reaching 93 percent and according to him, the goal of one hundred percent is in sight.