Nutraceuticals and Health Care


What is Curcuma Longa? 

How many kinds of Curcuma in the world?

Which is the most medical beneficial effects for human and animals? 

Be smart, read this article well before consumption. 

There are 12 Different Species of Curcuma Genus in the world. The public interest in the wide range of effects of curcumin paved the way to its commercial use worldwide in several bad or good quality, cheap or expensive products. So which is the best for human beings or animals since many kinds of products named as “Turmeric" or “Curcuma Longa” ?



The entire Curcuma genus comprises more than a hundred different species, distributed across different continents. Thorough research pertaining to pharmacological properties, however, is limited to only a few selected species. Some of these Curcuma species and their reported bio-activities are described later.


1)    Curcuma alismatifolia

This species of Curcuma is commonly known as “Siam tulip.” It grows mostly in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand. Large, pink bracts are a characteris- tic feature of this plant. The major classes of biomolecules present are alkaloids, flavonoids, and gums. Leaves of Curcuma alismatifolia have been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and wound-healing properties (Akter et al., 2008; Hasan et al., 2009).


2)    Curcuma amada

Curcuma amada grows abundantly in India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Northern Australia, and Thailand. The rhizomes are sympodially branched, with circularly arranged scaly rings at the nodes. The rhizomes have a unique raw mango-like flavor, hence its name “mango ginger.” C. amada contains several classes of biomolecules, such as curcuminoids (curcumin, bisdemethoxy curcumin, and dimethoxy curcumin)|; phenolics (caffeic acid, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, gentistic acid, and sy- ringic acid), and terpenoids (amadaldehyde, amadannulen, and difurocumenonol). The volatile oil of C. amada contains azulenogenic oil, car-3-ene, cis-ocimene, curcumene, phytosterol, and turmerone. It exhibits antiallergic, analgesic, antiin- flammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antipyretic, and laxative properties (Gupta et al., 1999; Jain and Mishra, 1964; Jatoi et al., 2007; Policegoudra et al., 2010; Policegoudra et al., 2011).



3)    Curcuma aromatica

Commonly known as “wild turmeric,” Curcuma aromatica is widespread in eastern Himalayan regions and Western Ghats of India. The rhizomes, which are its most important parts, remain dormant in winters, while in early spring inflorescence arises from its base. The main active constituents are borneol, camphor, curcumene, curzerenone, and zingiberine. Biological activities of this species pertain largelyto antibacterial and antifungal effects (Chattopadhyay et al., 2004; Rachana and Venugopalan, 2014; Santhanam and Nagarajan, 1990).


4)    Curcuma australasica

Curcuma australasica is the only species of Curcuma genus that is native to the Aus- tralian subcontinent. Rhizomes and leaves arising from a pseudostem are known to have medicinal properties. This plant is rich in furanodien-6-one, ketone, sesquiter- pene, and zederone. C. australasica has been proven to be effective as a contraceptive and in inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis and prostaglandin production (Rajkumari and Sanatombi, 2018; Wohlmuth, 2008).


5)    Curcuma caesia

This species of Curcuma is mainly localized to Central India, Northeastern India, and West Bengal. Owing to the bluish-black or grayish-black color of its rhizome, Curcuma caesia is colloquially termed “kali haldi” or “black turmeric.” Essential oil ex- tracted from its rhizomes is rich in borneol, ar-curcumene, ar-turmerone, camphor, curcuminoids, elemane, guinane, -ocimene, and -curcumene. The rhizome oil generally is used as a rubefacient to treat wounds or bites from scorpions and snakes. Local people use paste from the rhizomes to treat various skin diseases (Sarangthem and Haokip, 2010; Rajkumari and Sanatombi, 2018).


6) Curcuma comosa

Curcuma comosa grows mainly in the Southeast Asian countries of India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. It has been widely used in Thailand to reduce post-partum bleeding and inflammation (Piyachaturawat et al., 1995). Glucosides present in C. comosa exhibit choleretic activity (Suksamran et al., 1997). Rhizome extracts of this plant contain diarylheptanoids, which improve functioning of peptide transporter 1 (PEPT1), and accentuating intestinal absorption of certain drugs (Su et al., 2013; Kawami et al., 2017). The rhizome extracts also exert protective effect against neu- rodegenerative diseases related to microglial activation (Thampithak et al., 2009).


7)    Curcuma longa

C. longa is by far the most explored species of Curcuma. The medicinal properties of C. longa are above those of its genus counterparts. C. longa is predominantly found in Bhutan (High attitude Nature) and Southeast Asia. Several phytoconstituents are present in C. longa, but the most prominent are curcuminoids, elemenone, germacrone, isolongifolol, turmerone, and zingiberine (Osman et al., 2017). Rhizomes are typically yellow to orange in color. C. longa has been widely used in treating inflammatory disorders (Jurenka, 2009). The antioxidant potential of curcuminoids from C. longa has been extensively reported (Akram et al., 2010; Jatoi et al., 2007). C. longa extracts also have been found to inhibit tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-) (Yue et al., 2010) and contributes toward antitumor activity against colorectal cancer by inducing apoptosis (Shakibaei et al., 2015). Other pharmacological activities of curcumin, including the most bioactive component of C. longa, are over a hundred health benefits, elaborated later.


8)    Curcuma petiolata

Curcuma petiolata occurs natively in Malaysia and Thailand, where it is more wide- spread. It is called “jewel of Thailand” because of its dominant use as a medicinal and an ornamental plant by the Thai people. Its rhizome oil consists of curcumol, 2-methyl-5-pentanol and 1H-pyrrol-1-amine, 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-n,n- ,5-trimethyl. The rhizome oil has been proven to be antioxidant in nature (Thakam and Saewan, 2012). Labdanes from the rhizomes have demonstrated cytotoxic effects against cholangiocarcinoma cell lines (Jittra Suthiwong et al., 2014).


9)    Curcuma prakasha

Curcuma prakasha, named in honor of ethnobotanist, Dr. Ved Prakash, has been reported to grow solely in the Garo hills of Meghalaya. Paste from the rhizomes of C. prakasha is often used by local people as a treatment for bruises and wounds (Tripathi, 2001).


10)    Curcuma roscoeana

This species of Curcuma is native to Burma, India, and Malaysia. It is popularly called “orange ginger” because of its characteristic bright-orange colored flowers (Kuehny et al., 2002). It is frequently used in Burma as an ornamental plant, and so is also known as “the pride of Burma.” Curcuma roscoeana flowers and rhizomes are used locally to treat skin diseases and white spots (Apavatjrut et al., 1999).


11)    Curcuma xanthorrhiza

Curcuma xanthorrhiza is widely distributed in the Java island of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand and sparsely occurs in China and India. Its common name in Indonesia is “Java ginger.” C. xanthorrhiza possesses many different phytoconstituents that give rise to a number of therapeutic activities. For instance, the curcuminoids in C. xan- thorrhiza elicit antioxidant effects against the autooxidation of linoleic acid (Masuda et al., 1992). Xanthorrhizol has been reported to show antibacterial activities against Lactobacillus sp., Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Streptococcus sp. Xanthorrhizol also acts as a remedial agent for gastrointestinal and constipation-related disorders. Other medicinally important constituents of this plant are curcumene, curzerenone, and turmerone (Hwang et al., 2000). C. xanthorrhiza rhizome extracts also have been used in traditional medicines as analgesic and anti-inflammatory agents (Ozaki, 1990).


12)    Curcuma zedoaria

Curcuma zedoaria typically grows in India, Indonesia, and Taiwan. This species also is called “white turmeric” because of the white color at the interior of its rhizome. The rhizome oil has been reported to contain antioxidants such as curzerene and epicurzerene (Mau et al., 2003). The tuber extracts of Curcuma zedoaria act as carminative, digestive stimulant, and exhibit antimicrobial action against Aspergillus niger, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans, and Klebsiella pneumonia (Wilson et al., 2005). It also contains curcemenol and sesquiterpene, which possess anti-infla- mmatory, antitumor, hepatoprotective and neuroprotective effects. These compounds also aid in decreasing lipopolysachharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production, thus reducing the level of proinflammatory cytokines (Lo et al., 2015). Curcuzedoalide,found in the rhizomes of C. zedoaria, displays antiproliferative action against human gastric cancer cell lines by inciting apoptosis (Jung et al., 2018).

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About Curcuma Longa



抗氧化 (Sreejayan et al. 1997);

抗發炎 (Ammon et al. 1993);

抗癌 (Rao et al. 1995);

護肝 (Kiso et al. 1983);

抑制血拴 (Srivastava et al. 1985);

預防心肌梗塞 (Nirmala et al. 1996);

降血糖 (Srinivasan 1972; Babu et al. 1995);

治療類風濕性關節炎 (Deodhar et al. 1980) 及修復器官功能等等。


近年對薑黃素的研究中很重要的一項發現是它的防癌效果。已知可以被薑黃素所抑制或預防的癌症包括消化道癌症(包括食道、鼻咽癌、甲狀腺、胃、大腸、結腸、直腸癌、肝、 胰臟、腦、癌症)、頭頸腫瘤(包括口腔癌、胸腺瘤)、肺癌、泌尿道腫瘤(包括膀胱、腎臟、攝護腺癌)、 液腫瘤(包括白血病(血癌)、淋巴癌、多發性骨髓瘤)、黑色素細胞瘤、腦瘤、乳癌、骨癌、婦癌(包括子宮癌、子宮頸癌、卵巢癌)。

Curcuma Longa

"If I had only one single herb to depend upon for all possible health and dietary needs, I would without much hesitation choose Curcuma Longa." --Dr. David Frawley, Founder of the American Institute for Vedic Studies.

What's Curcuma Longa?
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Curcuma Longa

"If I had only one single herb to depend upon for all possible health and dietary needs, I would without much hesitation choose Curcuma Longa." --Dr. David Frawley, Founder of the American Institute for Vedic Studies.

Curcuma Longa is gaining the reputation to be the single most important herb for many health and dietary needs.  

Curcuma Longa is one of the most studied botanicals in modern science.  It has traditionally been used to support:

  • Digestive Function

  • Heart Health

  • Healthy Immune Response

  • Joint and Muscle Health

  • It supports immune health and promotes joint comfort and mobility and is fortified with curcuminoid extract and organic ginger to improve bio-availability.

  • It is an anti-inflammatory.

  • It is an antioxidant.

  • It is a natural painkiller.

  • It is an anti-microbial supplement.

  • It is an immunomodulating supplement.

  • It ameliorates autoimmune reactions.

  • It is chemopreventive supplement.

  • It has anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties.

  • It affects stem cells.

  • It affects genetic expression.

  • It modulates various biochemical pathways.

  • It is beneficial for brain health.

  • It protects the stomach.

  • It improves and protects liver function.

  • It is good for heart health, offers cardiac protection by virtue of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant property.

  • It protects bones, offers bone protective properties which can be useful in protecting from bone mineral loss caused by drugs or injury.

  • It is beneficial in skin diseases, Curcumin’s therapeutic potential in treatment of skin diseases can be useful in treatment of skin related symptoms occurring as a result of other disorders.

  • It protects the respiratory system, Curcumin aids in treatment of respiratory disorders and symptoms such as cough and sputum which occur in some common ailments.

  • It speeds up recovery by boosting immune function, reducing fatigue and preventing illness induced weight loss.

  • It reduces dependence on conventional drugs, Curcumin possesses biological actions similar to many conventional drugs. Research proves that curcumin taken in combination with some medications like antibiotics, anti-epileptic drugs, chemotherapeutic drugs potentiates their activity and reduces the therapeutic dose required.

  • Benefits for Asthma, Cancer and Tumor patients.